Workshop: Medical Imaging meets NeurIPS

Towards dynamic multi-modal phenotyping using chest radiographs and physiological data

Nasir Hayat · Krzysztof Geras · Farah Shamout


The healthcare domain is characterized by heterogeneous data modalities, such as imaging and physiological data. In practice, the variety of medical data assists clinicians in decision-making. However, most of the current state-of-the-art deep learning models solely rely upon carefully curated data of a single modality. In this paper, we propose a dynamic training approach to learn modality-specific data representations and to integrate auxiliary features, instead of solely relying on a single modality. Our preliminary experiments results for a patient phenotyping task using physiological data in MIMIC-IV & chest radiographs in the MIMIC-CXR dataset show that our proposed approach achieves the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) (0.764 AUROC) compared to the performance of the benchmark method in previous work, which only used physiological data (0.740 AUROC). For a set of five recurring or chronic diseases with periodic acute episodes, including cardiac dysrhythmia, conduction disorders, and congestive heart failure, the AUROC improves from 0.747 to 0.798. This illustrates the benefit of leveraging the chest imaging modality in the phenotyping task and highlights the potential of multi-modal learning in medical applications.

Chat is not available.