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SANFlow: Semantic-Aware Normalizing Flow for Anomaly Detection

Daehyun Kim · Sungyong Baik · Tae Hyun Kim

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #200
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Tue 12 Dec 8:45 a.m. PST — 10:45 a.m. PST


Visual anomaly detection, the task of detecting abnormal characteristics in images, is challenging due to the rarity and unpredictability of anomalies. In order to reliably model the distribution of normality and detect anomalies, a few works have attempted to exploit the density estimation ability of normalizing flow (NF). However, previous NF-based methods have relied solely on the capability of NF and forcibly transformed the distribution of all features to a single distribution (e.g., unit normal distribution), when features can have different semantic information and thus follow different distributions. We claim that forcibly learning to transform such diverse distributions to a single distribution with a single network will cause the learning difficulty, limiting the capacity of a network to discriminate normal and abnormal data. As such, we propose to transform the distribution of features at each location of a given image to different distributions. In particular, we train NF to map normal data distribution to distributions with the same mean but different variances at each location of the given image. To enhance the discriminability, we also train NF to map abnormal data distribution to a distribution with a mean that is different from that of normal data, where abnormal data is synthesized with data augmentation. The experimental results outline the effectiveness of the proposed framework in improving the density modeling and thus anomaly detection performance.

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