Equivariant Networks for Crystal Structures

Oumar Kaba · Siamak Ravanbakhsh

Hall J (level 1) #431

Keywords: [ Equivariance ] [ crystals ] [ materials ] [ Geometric Deep Learning ] [ graph neural networks ] [ Symmetry ] [ Deep Learning ]


Supervised learning with deep models has tremendous potential for applications in materials science. Recently, graph neural networks have been used in this context, drawing direct inspiration from models for molecules. However, materials are typically much more structured than molecules, which is a feature that these models do not leverage. In this work, we introduce a class of models that are equivariant with respect to crystalline symmetry groups. We do this by defining a generalization of the message passing operations that can be used with more general permutation groups, or that can alternatively be seen as defining an expressive convolution operation on the crystal graph. Empirically, these models achieve competitive results with state-of-the-art on the Materials Project dataset.

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