Workshop: New Frontiers in Graph Learning

Modeling Hierarchical Topological Structure in Scientific Images with Graph Neural Networks

Samuel Leventhal · Attila Gyulassy · Valerio Pascucci · Mark Heimann

Keywords: [ persistent homology ] [ graph neural networks ] [ Image Segmentation ] [ Topological Data Analysis ]


Topological analysis reveals meaningful structure in data from a variety of domains. Tasks such as image segmentation can be effectively performed on the network structure of an image's topological complex using graph neural networks (GNNs). We propose two methods for using GNNs to learn from the hierarchical information captured by complexes at multiple levels of topological persistence: one modifies the training procedure of an existing GNN, while one extends the message passing across all levels of the complex. Experiments on real-world data from three different domains shows the performance benefits to GNNs from using hierarchical topological structure.

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