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Workshop: New Frontiers in Graph Learning

Improving Graph Neural Networks at Scale: Combining Approximate PageRank and CoreRank

Ariel Ramos Vela · Johannes Lutzeyer · Anastasios Giovanidis · Michalis Vazirgiannis

Keywords: [ graph neural networks ] [ Node Classification ] [ Message Passing Mechanisms ] [ CoreRank ] [ PageRank ]


Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have achieved great successes in many learning tasks performed on graph structures. Nonetheless, to propagate information GNNs rely on a message passing scheme which can become prohibitively expensive when working with industrial-scale graphs. Inspired by the PPRGo model, we propose the CorePPR model, a scalable solution that utilises a learnable convex combination of the approximate personalised PageRank and the CoreRank to diffuse multi-hop neighbourhood information in GNNs. Additionally, we incorporate a dynamic mechanism to select the most influential neighbours for a particular node which reduces training time while preserving the performance of the model. Overall, we demonstrate that CorePPR outperforms PPRGo, particularly on large graphs where selecting the most influential nodes is particularly relevant for scalability.

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