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Workshop: NeurIPS 2022 Workshop on Score-Based Methods

When are equilibrium networks scoring algorithms?

Russell Tsuchida · Cheng Soon Ong


Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and its exponential family extensions have three components: observed variables, latent variables and parameters of a linear transformation. The likelihood of the observation is an exponential family with canonical parameters that are a linear transformation of the latent variables. We show how joint maximum a-posteriori (MAP) estimates can be computed using a deep equilibrium model that computes roots of the score function. Our analysis provides a systematic way to relate neural network activation functions back to statistical assumptions about the observations. Our layers are implicitly differentiable, and can be fine-tuned in downstream tasks, as demonstrated on a synthetic task.

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