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Workshop: OPT 2022: Optimization for Machine Learning

Boosting as Frank-Wolfe

Ryotaro Mitsuboshi · Kohei Hatano · Eiji Takimoto

Abstract: Some boosting algorithms, such as LPBoost, ERLPBoost, and C-ERLPBoost, aim to solve the soft margin optimization problem with the $\ell_1$-norm regularization. LPBoost rapidly converges to an $\epsilon$-approximate solution in practice, but it is known to take $\Omega(m)$ iterations in the worst case, where $m$ is the sample size.On the other hand, ERLPBoost and C-ERLPBoost are guaranteed to converge to an $\epsilon$-approximate solution in $O(\frac{1}{\epsilon^2} \ln \frac{m}{\nu})$ iterations. However, the computation per iteration is very high compared to LPBoost. To address this issue, we propose a generic boosting scheme that combines the Frank-Wolfe algorithm and any secondary algorithm and switches one to the other iteratively. We show that the scheme retains the same convergence guarantee as ERLPBoost and C-ERLPBoost. One can incorporate any secondary algorithm to improve in practice.This scheme comes from a unified view of boosting algorithms for soft margin optimization. More specifically, we show that LPBoost, ERLPBoost, and C-ERLPBoost are instances of the Frank-Wolfe algorithm. In experiments on real datasets, one of the instances of our scheme exploits the better updates of the second algorithm and performs comparably with LPBoost.

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