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Workshop: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences

Emulating cosmological multifields with generative adversarial networks

Sambatra Andrianomena · Sultan Hassan · Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro


We explore the possibility of using deep learning to generate multifield images from state-of-the-art hydrodynamic simulations of the CAMELS project. We use a generative adversarial network to generate images with three different channels that represent gas density (Mgas), neutral hydrogen density (HI), and magnetic field amplitudes (B). The quality of each map in each example generated by the model looks very promising. The GAN considered in this study is able to generate maps whose mean and standard deviation of the probability density distribution of the pixels are consistent with those of the maps from the training data. The mean and standard deviation of the auto power spectra of the generated maps of each field agree well with those computed from the maps of IllustrisTNG. Moreover, the cross-correlations between fields in all instances produced by the emulator are in good agreement with those of the dataset. This implies that all three maps in each output of the generator encode the same underlying cosmology and astrophysics.

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