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QH9: A Quantum Hamiltonian Prediction Benchmark for QM9 Molecules

Haiyang Yu · Meng Liu · Youzhi Luo · Alex Strasser · Xiaofeng Qian · Xiaoning Qian · Shuiwang Ji

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #515
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Thu 14 Dec 8:45 a.m. PST — 10:45 a.m. PST


Supervised machine learning approaches have been increasingly used in accelerating electronic structure prediction as surrogates of first-principle computational methods, such as density functional theory (DFT). While numerous quantum chemistry datasets focus on chemical properties and atomic forces, the ability to achieve accurate and efficient prediction of the Hamiltonian matrix is highly desired, as it is the most important and fundamental physical quantity that determines the quantum states of physical systems and chemical properties. In this work, we generate a new Quantum Hamiltonian dataset, named as QH9, to provide precise Hamiltonian matrices for 2,399 molecular dynamics trajectories and 130,831 stable molecular geometries, based on the QM9 dataset. By designing benchmark tasks with various molecules, we show that current machine learning models have the capacity to predict Hamiltonian matrices for arbitrary molecules. Both the QH9 dataset and the baseline models are provided to the community through an open-source benchmark, which can be highly valuable for developing machine learning methods and accelerating molecular and materials design for scientific and technological applications. Our benchmark is publicly available at \url{}.

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