Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content

Spotlight Poster

Understanding Social Reasoning in Language Models with Language Models

Kanishk Gandhi · Jan-Philipp Fraenken · Tobias Gerstenberg · Noah Goodman

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #539
[ ] [ Project Page ]
[ Paper [ Slides [ OpenReview
Thu 14 Dec 3 p.m. PST — 5 p.m. PST


As Large Language Models (LLMs) become increasingly integrated into our everyday lives, understanding their ability to comprehend human mental states becomes critical for ensuring effective interactions. However, despite the recent attempts to assess the Theory-of-Mind (ToM) reasoning capabilities of LLMs, the degree to which these models can align with human ToM remains a nuanced topic of exploration. This is primarily due to two distinct challenges: (1) the presence of inconsistent results from previous evaluations, and (2) concerns surrounding the validity of existing evaluation methodologies. To address these challenges, we present a novel framework for procedurally generating evaluations with LLMs by populating causal templates. Using our framework, we create a new social reasoning benchmark (BigToM) for LLMs which consists of 25 controls and 5,000 model-written evaluations. We find that human participants rate the quality of our benchmark higher than previous crowd-sourced evaluations and comparable to expert-written evaluations. Using BigToM, we evaluate the social reasoning capabilities of a variety of LLMs and compare model performances with human performance. Our results suggest that GPT4 has ToM capabilities that mirror human inference patterns, though less reliable, while other LLMs struggle.

Chat is not available.