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Variational Monte Carlo on a Budget — Fine-tuning pre-trained Neural Wavefunctions

Michael Scherbela · Leon Gerard · Philipp Grohs

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #417
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Wed 13 Dec 8:45 a.m. PST — 10:45 a.m. PST


Obtaining accurate solutions to the Schrödinger equation is the key challenge in computational quantum chemistry. Deep-learning-based Variational Monte Carlo (DL-VMC) has recently outperformed conventional approaches in terms of accuracy, but only at large computational cost.Whereas in many domains models are trained once and subsequently applied for inference, accurate DL-VMC so far requires a full optimization for every new problem instance, consuming thousands of GPUhs even for small molecules.We instead propose a DL-VMC model which has been pre-trained using self-supervised wavefunction optimization on a large and chemically diverse set of molecules. Applying this model to new molecules without any optimization, yields wavefunctions and absolute energies that outperform established methods such as CCSD(T)-2Z.To obtain accurate relative energies, only few fine-tuning steps of this base model are required.We accomplish this with a fully end-to-end machine-learned model, consisting of an improved geometry embedding architecture and an existing SE(3)-equivariant model to represent molecular orbitals. Combining this architecture with continuous sampling of geometries, we improve zero-shot accuracy by two orders of magnitude compared to the state of the art.We extensively evaluate the accuracy, scalability and limitations of our base model on a wide variety of test systems.

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