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Data Minimization at Inference Time

Cuong Tran · Nando Fioretto

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #1620


In high-stakes domains such as legal, banking, hiring, and healthcare, learning models frequently rely on sensitive user information for inference, necessitating the complete set of features. This not only poses significant privacy risks for individuals but also demands substantial human effort from organizations to verify information accuracy. This study asks whether it is necessary to use all input features for accurate predictions at inference time. The paper demonstrates that, in a personalized setting, individuals may only need to disclose a small subset of features without compromising decision-making accuracy. The paper also provides an efficient sequential algorithm to determine the appropriate attributes for each individual to provide. Evaluations across various learning tasks show that individuals can potentially report as little as 10\% of their information while maintaining the same accuracy level as a model that employs the full set of user information.

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