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A Theoretical Analysis of the Test Error of Finite-Rank Kernel Ridge Regression

Tin Sum Cheng · Aurelien Lucchi · Anastasis Kratsios · Ivan Dokmanić · David Belius

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #1725


Existing statistical learning guarantees for general kernel regressors often yield loose bounds when used with finite-rank kernels. Yet, finite-rank kernels naturally appear in a number of machine learning problems, e.g. when fine-tuning a pre-trained deep neural network's last layer to adapt it to a novel task when performing transfer learning. We address this gap for finite-rank kernel ridge regression (KRR) by deriving sharp non-asymptotic upper and lower bounds for the KRR test error of any finite-rank KRR. Our bounds are tighter than previously derived bounds on finite-rank KRR and, unlike comparable results, they also remain valid for any regularization parameters.

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