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Workshop: NeurIPS 2023 Workshop: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences

AI ensemble for signal detection of higher order gravitational wave modes of quasi-circular, spinning, non-precessing binary black hole mergers

Minyang Tian · Eliu Huerta


We introduce spatiotemporal-graph models that concurrently process data from the twin advanced LIGO detectors and the advanced Virgo detector. We trained these AI classifiers with 2.4 million \texttt{IMRPhenomXPHM} waveforms that describe quasi-circular, spinning, non-precessing binary black hole mergers with component masses (m{{1,2}}\in[3M\odot, 50 M\odot]), and individual spins (s^z{{1,2}}\in[-0.9, 0.9]); and which include the ((\ell, |m|) = {(2, 2), (2, 1), (3, 3), (3, 2), (4, 4))} modes, and mode mixing effects in the (\ell = 3, |m| = 2) harmonics. We trained these AI classifiers within 22 hours using distributed training over 96 NVIDIA V100 GPUs in the Summit supercomputer. We then used transfer learning to create AI predictors that estimate the total mass of potential binary black holes identified by all AI classifiers in the ensemble. We used this ensemble, 3 AI classifiers and 2 predictors, to process a year-long test set in which we injected 300,000 signals. This year-long test set was processed within 5.19 minutes using 1024 NVIDIA A100 GPUs in the Polaris supercomputer (for AI inference) and 128 CPU nodes in the ThetaKNL supercomputer (for post-processing of noise triggers), housed at the Argonne Leadership Supercomputing Facility. These studies indicate that our AI ensemble provides state-of-the-art signal detection accuracy, and reports 2 misclassifications for every year of searched data. This is the first AI ensemble designed to search for and find higher order gravitational wave mode signals.

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