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Physics-Driven Convolutional Autoencoder Approach for CFD Data Compressions
Alberto Olmo · Ahmed Zamzam · Andrew Glaws · Ryan King

With the growing size and complexity of turbulent flow models, data compression approaches are of the utmost importance to analyze, visualize, or restart the simulations. Recently, in-situ autoencoder-based compression approaches have been proposed and shown to be effective at producing reduced representations of turbulent flow data. However, these approaches focus solely on training the model using point-wise sample reconstruction losses that do not take advantage of the physical properties of turbulent flows. In this paper, we show that training autoencoders with additional physics-informed regularizations, e.g., enforcing incompressibility and preserving enstrophy, improves the compression model in three ways: (i) the compressed data better conform to known physics for homogeneous isotropic turbulence without negatively impacting point-wise reconstruction quality, (ii) inspection of the gradients of the trained model uncovers changes to the learned compression mapping that can facilitate the use of explainability techniques, and(iii) as a performance byproduct, training losses are shown to converge up to 12x faster than the baseline model.

Author Information

Alberto Olmo (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Ahmed Zamzam (The National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Andrew Glaws (NREL)
Ryan King (NREL)

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