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Denoising Diffusion Restoration Models
Bahjat Kawar · Michael Elad · Stefano Ermon · Jiaming Song

Wed Nov 30 02:00 PM -- 04:00 PM (PST) @ Hall J #114
Many interesting tasks in image restoration can be cast as linear inverse problems. A recent family of approaches for solving these problems uses stochastic algorithms that sample from the posterior distribution of natural images given the measurements. However, efficient solutions often require problem-specific supervised training to model the posterior, whereas unsupervised methods that are not problem-specific typically rely on inefficient iterative methods. This work addresses these issues by introducing Denoising Diffusion Restoration Models (DDRM), an efficient, unsupervised posterior sampling method. Motivated by variational inference, DDRM takes advantage of a pre-trained denoising diffusion generative model for solving any linear inverse problem. We demonstrate DDRM's versatility on several image datasets for super-resolution, deblurring, inpainting, and colorization under various amounts of measurement noise. DDRM outperforms the current leading unsupervised methods on the diverse ImageNet dataset in reconstruction quality, perceptual quality, and runtime, being $5\times$ faster than the nearest competitor. DDRM also generalizes well for natural images out of the distribution of the observed ImageNet training set.

Author Information

Bahjat Kawar (Technion)
Michael Elad (Technion)
Stefano Ermon (Stanford)
Jiaming Song (Stanford University)

I am a first year Ph.D. student in Stanford University. I think about problems in machine learning and deep learning under the supervision of Stefano Ermon. I did my undergrad at Tsinghua University, where I was lucky enough to collaborate with Jun Zhu and Lawrence Carin on scalable Bayesian machine learning.

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