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Dropout and Ensemble Networks for Thermospheric Density Uncertainty Estimation
Stefano Bonasera · Giacomo Acciarini · Jorge Pérez-Hernández · Bernard Benson · Ed Brown · Eric Sutton · Moriba Jah · Christopher Bridges · Atilim Gunes Baydin
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=apC52_fmShC »

Accurately estimating spacecraft location is of crucial importance for a variety of safety-critical tasks in low-Earth orbit (LEO), including satellite collision avoidance and re-entry. The solar activity largely impacts the physical characteristics of the thermosphere, consequently affecting trajectories of spacecraft in LEO. State-of-the-art models for estimating thermospheric density are either computationally expensive or under-perform during extreme solar activity. Moreover, these models provide single-point solutions, neglecting critical information on the associated uncertainty. In this work we use and compare two methods, Monte Carlo dropout and deep ensembles, to estimate thermospheric total mass density and associated uncertainty. The networks are trained using ground-truth density data from five well-calibrated satellites, using orbital data information, solar and geomagnetic indices as input. The trained models improve for a subset of satellites upon operational solutions, also providing measure of uncertainty in the density estimation.

Author Information

Stefano Bonasera (University of Colorado, Boulder)
Giacomo Acciarini (University of Strathclyde)
Jorge Pérez-Hernández
Bernard Benson (Univeristy of Alabama in Huntsville)
Ed Brown (Cambridge University)
Eric Sutton
Moriba Jah
Christopher Bridges (University of Surrey)
Atilim Gunes Baydin (University of Oxford)

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