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DARTS without a Validation Set: Optimizing the Marginal Likelihood
Miroslav Fil · Robin Ru · Clare Lyle · Yarin Gal
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=661Wz3zOzlt »

The success of neural architecture search (NAS) has historically been limited by excessive compute requirements. While modern weight-sharing NAS methods such as DARTS are able to finish the search in single-digit GPU days, extracting the final best architecture from the shared weights is notoriously unreliable. Training-Speed-Estimate (TSE), a recently developed generalization estimator with a Bayesian marginal likelihood interpretation, has previously been used in place of the validation loss for gradient-based optimization in DARTS. This prevents the DARTS skip connection collapse, which significantly improves performance on NASBench-201 and the original DARTS search space. We extend those results by applying various DARTS diagnostics and show several unusual behaviors arising from not using a validation set. Furthermore, our experiments yield concrete examples of the depth gap and topology selection in DARTS having a strongly negative impact on the search performance despite generally receiving limited attention in the literature compared to the operations selection.

Author Information

Miroslav Fil (University of Oxford)
Robin Ru (Oxford University)
Clare Lyle (University of Oxford)
Yarin Gal (University of Oxford)
Yarin Gal

Yarin leads the Oxford Applied and Theoretical Machine Learning (OATML) group. He is an Associate Professor of Machine Learning at the Computer Science department, University of Oxford. He is also the Tutorial Fellow in Computer Science at Christ Church, Oxford, and a Turing Fellow at the Alan Turing Institute, the UK’s national institute for data science and artificial intelligence. Prior to his move to Oxford he was a Research Fellow in Computer Science at St Catharine’s College at the University of Cambridge. He obtained his PhD from the Cambridge machine learning group, working with Prof Zoubin Ghahramani and funded by the Google Europe Doctoral Fellowship. He made substantial contributions to early work in modern Bayesian deep learning—quantifying uncertainty in deep learning—and developed ML/AI tools that can inform their users when the tools are “guessing at random”. These tools have been deployed widely in industry and academia, with the tools used in medical applications, robotics, computer vision, astronomy, in the sciences, and by NASA. Beyond his academic work, Yarin works with industry on deploying robust ML tools safely and responsibly. He co-chairs the NASA FDL AI committee, and is an advisor with Canadian medical imaging company Imagia, Japanese robotics company Preferred Networks, as well as numerous startups.

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