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The Reflective Explorer: Online Meta-Exploration from Offline Data in Realistic Robotic Tasks
Rafael Rafailov · · Tianhe Yu · Avi Singh · Mariano Phielipp · Chelsea Finn
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=dL8m0CntPe »

Reinforcement learning is difficult to apply to real world problems due to high sample complexity, the need to adapt to frequent distribution shifts and the complexities of learning from high-dimensional inputs, such as images. Over the last several years, meta-learning has emerged as a promising approach to tackle these problems by explicitly training an agent to quickly adapt to new tasks. However, such methods still require huge amounts of data during training and are difficult to optimize in high-dimensional domains. One potential solution is to consider offline or batch meta-reinforcement learning (RL) - learning from existing datasets without additional environment interactions during training. In this work we develop the first offline model-based meta-RL algorithm that operates from images in tasks with sparse rewards. Our approach has three main components: a novel strategy to construct meta-exploration trajectories from offline data, which allows agents to learn meaningful meta-test time task inference strategy; representation learning via variational filtering and latent conservative model-free policy optimization. We show that our method completely solves a realistic meta-learning task involving robot manipulation, while naive combinations of previous approaches fail.

Author Information

Rafael Rafailov (Stanford University)
Tianhe Yu (Stanford University)
Avi Singh (UC Berkeley)
Mariano Phielipp (Intel AI Labs)

Dr. Mariano Phielipp works at the Intel AI Lab inside the Intel Artificial Intelligence Products Group. His work includes research and development in deep learning, deep reinforcement learning, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. Since joining Intel, Dr. Phielipp has developed and worked on Computer Vision, Face Recognition, Face Detection, Object Categorization, Recommendation Systems, Online Learning, Automatic Rule Learning, Natural Language Processing, Knowledge Representation, Energy Based Algorithms, and other Machine Learning and AI-related efforts. Dr. Phielipp has also contributed to different disclosure committees, won an Intel division award related to Robotics, and has a large number of patents and pending patents. He has published on NeuriPS, ICML, ICLR, AAAI, IROS, IEEE, SPIE, IASTED, and EUROGRAPHICS-IEEE Conferences and Workshops.

Chelsea Finn (Stanford)

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