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Adversarial Attacks on Black Box Video Classifiers: Leveraging the Power of Geometric Transformations
Shasha Li · Abhishek Aich · Shitong Zhu · Salman Asif · Chengyu Song · Amit Roy-Chowdhury · Srikanth Krishnamurthy

Tue Dec 07 08:30 AM -- 10:00 AM (PST) @ Virtual

When compared to the image classification models, black-box adversarial attacks against video classification models have been largely understudied. This could be possible because, with video, the temporal dimension poses significant additional challenges in gradient estimation. Query-efficient black-box attacks rely on effectively estimated gradients towards maximizing the probability of misclassifying the target video. In this work, we demonstrate that such effective gradients can be searched for by parameterizing the temporal structure of the search space with geometric transformations. Specifically, we design a novel iterative algorithm GEOmetric TRAnsformed Perturbations (GEO-TRAP), for attacking video classification models. GEO-TRAP employs standard geometric transformation operations to reduce the search space for effective gradients into searching for a small group of parameters that define these operations. This group of parameters describes the geometric progression of gradients, resulting in a reduced and structured search space. Our algorithm inherently leads to successful perturbations with surprisingly few queries. For example, adversarial examples generated from GEO-TRAP have better attack success rates with ~73.55% fewer queries compared to the state-of-the-art method for video adversarial attacks on the widely used Jester dataset. Overall, our algorithm exposes vulnerabilities of diverse video classification models and achieves new state-of-the-art results under black-box settings on two large datasets.

Author Information

Shasha Li (University of California, Riverside)
Abhishek Aich (University of California, Riverside)
Shitong Zhu (University of California, Riverside)
Salman Asif (University of California, Riverside)
Chengyu Song (University of California, Riverside)
Amit Roy-Chowdhury (University of California, Riverside)

Amit Roy-Chowdhury received his PhD from the University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) in 2002 and joined the University of California, Riverside (UCR) in 2004 where he is a Professor and Bourns Family Faculty Fellow of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Director of the Center for Robotics and Intelligent Systems, and Cooperating Faculty in the department of Computer Science and Engineering. He leads the Video Computing Group at UCR, working on foundational principles of computer vision, image processing, and statistical learning, with applications in cyber-physical, autonomous and intelligent systems. He has published over 200 papers in peer-reviewed journals and conferences. He is the first author of the book Camera Networks: The Acquisition and Analysis of Videos Over Wide Areas. He is on the editorial boards of major journals and program committees of the main conferences in his area. His students have been first authors on multiple papers that received Best Paper Awards at major international conferences, including ICASSP and ICMR. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and IAPR, received the Doctoral Dissertation Advising/Mentoring Award 2019 from UCR, and the ECE Distinguished Alumni Award from UMCP.

Srikanth Krishnamurthy (, University of California, Riverside)

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