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Uncertainty-Aware Learning for Zero-Shot Semantic Segmentation
Ping Hu · Stan Sclaroff · Kate Saenko

Wed Dec 09 09:00 PM -- 11:00 PM (PST) @ Poster Session 4 #1158

Zero-shot semantic segmentation (ZSS) aims to classify pixels of novel classes without training examples available. Recently, most ZSS methods focus on learning the visual-semantic correspondence to transfer knowledge from seen classes to unseen classes at the pixel level. Yet, few works study the adverse effects caused by the noisy and outlying training samples in the seen classes. In this paper, we identify this challenge and address it with a novel framework that learns to discriminate noisy samples based on Bayesian uncertainty estimation. Specifically, we model the network outputs with Gaussian and Laplacian distributions, with the variances accounting for the observation noise as well as the uncertainty of input samples. Learning objectives are then derived with the estimated variances playing as adaptive attenuation for individual samples in training. Consequently, our model learns more attentively from representative samples of seen classes while suffering less from noisy and outlying ones, thus providing better reliability and generalization toward unseen categories. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework through comprehensive experiments on multiple challenging benchmarks, and show that our method achieves significant accuracy improvement over previous approaches for large open-set segmentation.

Author Information

Ping Hu (Boston University)
Ping Hu

Ping is a postdoctoral researcher in the IVC group at Boston University. He is working on fast computer vision models, data-efficient learning, and open-world perception.

Stan Sclaroff (Boston University)
Kate Saenko (Boston University & MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab, IBM Research)
Kate Saenko

Kate is an AI Research Scientist at FAIR, Meta and a Full Professor of Computer Science at Boston University (currently on leave) where she leads the Computer Vision and Learning Group. Kate received a PhD in EECS from MIT and did postdoctoral training at UC Berkeley and Harvard. Her research interests are in Artificial Intelligence with a focus on out-of-distribution learning, dataset bias, domain adaptation, vision and language understanding, and other topics in deep learning. Past academic positions Consulting professor at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab 2019-2022. Assistant Professor, Computer Science Department at UMass Lowell Postdoctoral Researcher, International Computer Science Institute Visiting Scholar, UC Berkeley EECS Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow, SEAS, Harvard University

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