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Solving inverse problems with deep networks: New architectures, theoretical foundations, and applications
Reinhard Heckel · Paul Hand · Richard Baraniuk · Joan Bruna · Alex Dimakis · Deanna Needell

Fri Dec 13 08:00 AM -- 06:00 PM (PST) @ West 301 - 305
Event URL: https://deep-inverse.org »

There is a long history of algorithmic development for solving inverse problems arising in sensing and imaging systems and beyond. Examples include medical and computational imaging, compressive sensing, as well as community detection in networks. Until recently, most algorithms for solving inverse problems in the imaging and network sciences were based on static signal models derived from physics or intuition, such as wavelets or sparse representations.

Today, the best performing approaches for the aforementioned image reconstruction and sensing problems are based on deep learning, which learn various elements of the method including i) signal representations, ii) stepsizes and parameters of iterative algorithms, iii) regularizers, and iv) entire inverse functions. For example, it has recently been shown that solving a variety of inverse problems by transforming an iterative, physics-based algorithm into a deep network whose parameters can be learned from training data, offers faster convergence and/or a better quality solution. Moreover, even with very little or no learning, deep neural networks enable superior performance for classical linear inverse problems such as denoising and compressive sensing. Motivated by those success stories, researchers are redesigning traditional imaging and sensing systems.

However, the field is mostly wide open with a range of theoretical and practical questions unanswered. In particular, deep-neural network based approaches often lack the guarantees of the traditional physics based methods, and while typically superior can make drastic reconstruction errors, such as fantasizing a tumor in an MRI reconstruction.

This workshop aims at bringing together theoreticians and practitioners in order to chart out recent advances and discuss new directions in deep neural network based approaches for solving inverse problems in the imaging and network sciences.

Author Information

Reinhard Heckel (TUM)
Paul Hand (Northeastern University)
Richard Baraniuk (Rice University)
Joan Bruna (NYU)
Alex Dimakis (University of Texas, Austin)
Deanna Needell (UCLA)

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