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Visualizing the Loss Landscape of Neural Nets
Hao Li · Zheng Xu · Gavin Taylor · Christoph Studer · Tom Goldstein

Tue Dec 04 07:45 AM -- 09:45 AM (PST) @ Room 517 AB #129

Neural network training relies on our ability to find "good" minimizers of highly non-convex loss functions. It is well known that certain network architecture designs (e.g., skip connections) produce loss functions that train easier, and well-chosen training parameters (batch size, learning rate, optimizer) produce minimizers that generalize better. However, the reasons for these differences, and their effect on the underlying loss landscape, is not well understood. In this paper, we explore the structure of neural loss functions, and the effect of loss landscapes on generalization, using a range of visualization methods. First, we introduce a simple "filter normalization" method that helps us visualize loss function curvature, and make meaningful side-by-side comparisons between loss functions. Then, using a variety of visualizations, we explore how network architecture affects the loss landscape, and how training parameters affect the shape of minimizers.

Author Information

Hao Li (Amazon Web Services)
Zheng Xu (University of Maryland, College Park)
Gavin Taylor (US Naval Academy)
Christoph Studer (Cornell University)
Tom Goldstein (University of Maryland)

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