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Consistent Minimization of Clustering Objective Functions
Ulrike von Luxburg · Sebastien Bubeck · Stefanie S Jegelka · Michael Kaufmann

Tue Dec 04 03:20 PM -- 08:25 PM (PST) @

Clustering is often formulated as a discrete optimization problem. The objective is to find, among all partitions of the data set, the best one according to some quality measure. However, in the statistical setting where we assume that the finite data set has been sampled from some underlying space, the goal is not to find the best partition of the given sample, but to approximate the true partition of the underlying space. We argue that the discrete optimization approach usually does not achieve this goal. As an alternative, we suggest the paradigm of ``nearest neighbor clustering''. Instead of selecting the best out of all partitions of the sample, it only considers partitions in some restricted function class. Using tools from statistical learning theory we prove that nearest neighbor clustering is statistically consistent. Moreover, its worst case complexity is polynomial by construction, and it can be implemented with small average case complexity using branch and bound.

Author Information

Ulrike von Luxburg (University of Tuebingen)
Sebastien Bubeck (MSR)
Stefanie S Jegelka (Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems)
Michael Kaufmann

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